python开发常见模块的安装

包括Python,eclipse,jdk,pydev,pip,setuptools,beautifulsoup,pyyaml,nltk,mysqldb的下载安装配置。
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python
下载:
python-2.7.6.amd64.msi
http://www.python.org/
Python 2.7.6 released
Python 2.7.6 is now available.
http://www.python.org/download/releases/2.7.6/
Windows X86-64 MSI Installer (2.7.6) [1] (sig)

安装
配置:
我的电脑->属性->高级->环境变量->系统变量中的PATH增加:C:\Python27;
验证:
在桌面建立一个文件pt.py,内容为print 'hello python'
在cmd中输入命令python C:\Users\***\Desktop\pt.py
***为电脑用户名。

C:\Users\***>python C:\Users\***\Desktop\pt.py
hello python
C:\Users\***>

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Eclipse:
eclipse-java-indigo-SR2-win32-x86_64.zip
http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/
Older Versions
http://wiki.eclipse.org/Older_Versions_Of_Eclipse
Eclipse Indigo SR2 Packages (v 3.7.2)
http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/packages/release/indigo/sr2
Eclipse IDE for Java Developers, (128 MB)
Downloaded 1,226,421 TimesDetails Windows 32-bit  64-bit
http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/download.php?file=/technology/epp/downloads/release/indigo/SR2/eclipse-java-indigo-SR2-win32-x86_64.zip
Download eclipse-java-indigo-SR2-win32-x86_64.zip from:

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jdk:
jdk-7u45-windows-x64.exe
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html
Windows x64 125.31 MB     jdk-7u45-windows-x64.exe
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk7-downloads-1880260.html

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pydev
为了在Eclipse中进行python工程的开发。
http://sourceforge.net/projects/pydev/files/
PyDev for Eclipse
Looking for the latest version? Download PyDev 3.2.0.zip (8.2 MB)
版本一直在更新中,几天前是3.1.0.zip
下载完,解压缩,将features和plugins文件夹中的内容分别复制到eclipse的features和plugins文件夹下。
重复则替换。
具体方法见windows xp,32位,环境下,Eclipse+python平台搭建
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_8af1069601019uaw.html
“安装python插件”,打开eclipse先来配置preference-》PyDev-》Interpreter-Python-》New python的执行exe文件的目录

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pip
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pip
Download
pip-1.4.1.tar.gz
A tool for installing and managing Python packages.
解压缩,在cmd中进入到pip-1.4.1目录,执行 python setup.py install
报错:
ImportError: No module named setuptools
所以,需要先安装setuptools

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setuptools
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools/
setuptools 2.0.2
点击右侧Downloads按钮,跳至Downloads
Scroll to the very bottom of the page to find the links.
需要到页面底部去找链接下载。
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
setuptools-2.0.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl (md5)  Python Wheel  3.4 2013-12-29 527KB
setuptools-2.0.2.tar.gz (md5)  Source  2013-12-29 765KB
下载setuptools-2.0.2.tar.gz (md5)
解压缩
在cmd中进入到setuptools-2.0.2目录,执行 python setup.py install
成功标志:
Installed c:\python27\lib\site-packages\setuptools-2.0.2-py2.7.egg
Processing dependencies for setuptools==2.0.2
Finished processing dependencies for setuptools==2.0.2
继续安装pip

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pip
在cmd中进入到pip-1.4.1目录,执行 python setup.py install
成功标记:
Installed c:\python27\lib\site-packages\pip-1.4.1-py2.7.egg
Processing dependencies for pip==1.4.1
Finished processing dependencies for pip==1.4.1
添加到系统环境变量Path:C:\Python27\Scripts;
在cmd测试,输入pip,输出:
C:\Users\***>pip
Usage:
  pip [options]
Commands:
  install                     Install packages.
  uninstall                   Uninstall packages.
  freeze                      Output installed packages in requirements format.
  list                        List installed packages.
  show                        Show information about installed packages.
  search                      Search PyPI for packages.
  wheel                       Build wheels from your requirements.
  zip                         Zip individual packages.
  unzip                       Unzip individual packages.
  bundle                      Create pybundles.
  help                        Show help for commands.

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BeautifulSoup
可以利用pip进行安装:
在cmd中敲入命令查找BeautifulSoup:
C:\Users\***>pip search BeautifulSoup
BeautifulSoup             - HTML/XML parser for quick-turnaround applications
                            like screen-scraping.
pynliner                  - Python CSS-to-inline-styles conversion tool for
                            HTML using BeautifulSoup and cssutils
Detextile                 - Convert HTML to Textile syntax using
                            BeautifulSoup.
TreeSoup                  - BeautifulSoup-like wrapper around ElementTree.
beautifulscraper          - Python web-scraping library that wraps urllib2 and
                            BeautifulSoup.
ElementSoup               - ElementTree wrapper for BeautifulSoup HTML parser
beautifulsoup4            - Screen-scraping library
collective.soupstrainer   - Clean up HTML using BeautifulSoup and filter
                            rules.
在cmd中敲入命令安装BeautifulSoup
C:\Users\***>pip install BeautifulSoup
Downloading/unpacking BeautifulSoup
  Downloading BeautifulSoup-3.2.1.tar.gz
  Running setup.py egg_info for package BeautifulSoup
Installing collected packages: BeautifulSoup
  Running setup.py install for BeautifulSoup
Successfully installed BeautifulSoup
Cleaning up...
还可参见:安装Beautiful Soup
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_8af1069601019vr2.html

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PyYAML
可以利用pip进行安装
C:\Users\***>pip search pyyaml
PyYAML                    - YAML parser and emitter for Python
pyaml                     - PyYAML-based module to produce pretty and readable
                            YAML-serialized data
yamly                     - pyyaml wrapper
enhancedyaml              - It makes it more convenient to use PyYAML.
C:\Users\***>pip install PyYAML
Downloading/unpacking PyYAML
  Downloading PyYAML-3.10.tar.gz (241kB): 241kB downloaded
  Running setup.py egg_info for package PyYAML
Installing collected packages: PyYAML
  Running setup.py install for PyYAML
    checking if libyaml is compilable
    Unable to find vcvarsall.bat
    skipping build_ext
Successfully installed PyYAML
Cleaning up...

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nltk
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/nltk/
nltk 2.0.4
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
nltk-2.0.4.tar.gz (md5)  Source  2012-11-07 933KB
nltk-2.0.4.win32.exe (md5)  MS Windows installer  2.5 2012-11-07 1MB
nltk-2.0.4.zip (md5)  Source  2012-11-07 1MB
下载nltk-2.0.4.tar.gz
解压缩,在cmd中进入到nltk-2.0.4目录,执行 python setup.py install
成功标志:
Installed c:\python27\lib\site-packages\nltk-2.0.4-py2.7.egg
Processing dependencies for nltk==2.0.4
Searching for PyYAML==3.10
Best match: PyYAML 3.10
Adding PyYAML 3.10 to easy-install.pth file
Using c:\python27\lib\site-packages
Finished processing dependencies for nltk==2.0.4
打开python Idle:
输入import nltk
输入nltk.download()
出现一个NLTK Downloader对话框,修改Download Diretory(E盘或其他盘符下)。点击all开始下载。
下载慢还可以到NLTK Corpora http://nltk.org/nltk_data/手工下载缺失的,然后放到Download Diretory,zip别删。
重装系统后nltk_data文件夹可以保留,避免重复下载。

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mysqldb
http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/#mysql-python
MySQL-python-1.2.4.win-amd64-py2.7.exe
直接双击安装。
成功验证:
py文件:
import MySQLdb
connection = MySQLdb.connect(host="127.0.0.1",user="root",passwd="root",db="dbtest")
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute( "Select id,content FROM tabletest  ")
print "Rows selected:", cursor.rowcount
运行结果输出dbtest数据库中tabletest表的行数。

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